Whether a system can exhibit intelligence behavior like human beings has always been one of the hottest topics in the field of information system. The failure and unexpected difficulties of artificial intelligence (AI) have prompted more and more scholars to focus on the study of AI and intelligent systems. This paper will specifically focus on the debate of artificial reasoning and action, one of the most important parts of AI, and present a literature review on different perspectives and issues of how IT deals with reasoning and action. In this way, the paper can help us to have a clear understanding to the interesting phenomenon and important theories in this enduring topic related to IS construction. The paper also provides a discussion of AI‘s future development and what the debate can suggest for contemporary IS studies.