There is little doubt that e-Government initiatives are becoming increasingly important, especially in developing countries where many believe these could help in reducing the gap between the rich and the poor, as well as between central and peripheral regions. This essay draws on some of the most relevant literature in this field to assess the different perspectives through which scholars understand the implementation and impact of these projects. This work, based on the literature reviewed, reveals how different scholars have very particular understandings of development. Some view e-Government as an opportunity for development in terms of the general upgrading of technological infrastructure, human capital, transparency in the public sector and so on, while others regard these initiatives as a form of developing political control over the masses. Conversely, others adopt a more human point of view, regarding development as a way of fulfilling human capabilities and aspirations. It is suggested that future research in this field should focus on the extent to which e-Government initiatives can benefit marginalized groups in society.