As the Internet increasingly becomes connected to physical items beyond the computer and mobile devices, the notion of an ‘Internet of Things’ continues to gain prominence as a technology with unbridled, transformative potential. Due to the largely unexplored adoption of the Internet of Things, much of the information systems research surrounding the topic is prescriptive and points to how the Internet of Things should be used. Contrastingly, another main stream of information systems research in this area is derived from the socio-technical perspective, exploring the relationship between the social and technical aspects of the system. This article will argue that, due to the developing social and technical nature of the Internet of Things, the socio-technical approach is more applicable to the study of this new technology. In order to analyse these issues, this paper will explore and critically evaluate the current theoretical landscape of literature on the Internet of Things.